aztec calendar

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Aztec and Maya Calendar

Did you know?

La Malinche, or Doña Marina, was an Aztec woman who became an essential partner for Hernán Cortés in his conquest of the Aztec empire. Doña Marina's Aztec name was Malinalli, after her birthday. Cleary, she acted upon the significance of this day.

Month: Day: Year:   

In the tonalpohualli, the sacred Aztec calendar, this day (Thursday, October 23, 2014) is:


Tonalli:

day

Trecena:

13-day period

Xihuitl:

solar year
Ozomahtli (monkey)Xochitl (flower)Tochtli (rabbit)
12 - Ozomahtli (monkey)1 - Xochitl (flower)2 - Tochtli (rabbit)
 

Yoaltecuhtli:

Lord of the Night

Xiuhpohualli:

365-day calendar

Long Count:

(Mayan calendar)
Chalchiuhtlicue3 - Nenmontemi (-)13.0.1.15.11

(Correlation: Alfonso Caso - Nicholson's veintena alignment [adjust] )

The significance of this day

Day Ozomahtli (Monkey) is governed by Xochipili, the Flower Prince, as its provider of tonalli (Shadow Soul) life energy. Ozomahtli is a day for creating, for play, for celebrating. A good day for lightheartedness, a bad day for seriousness. Ozomahtli is a warning about how easily the noble person can be trapped by the lures of public life.

This is the third of the nemontemi (five unlucky days) at the end of a xihuitl. These days are extra dangerous because they are at the end of a calendar round of 52 years (xiuhmolpilli or bundle). All fires are to be extinguished. No public events are organized. A New Fire ceremony will be held in the night after the fifth day to make sure the sun will rise again in a new xihuitl.

The thirteen day period (trecena) that starts with day 1-Xochitl (Flower) is ruled by Huehuecoyotl, Old Coyote, the Trickster, god of deception. This trecena signifies the sacred role of the jester: revealing the truth of the old ways by treating them as irreverantly as the gods do, the jester treats nothing as sacred and so points out the sacredness of everything. These are 13 days profoundly influenced by creativity and playfulness: music, dance, art and poetry are simply masks worn by the jester to tear away the away the masks of civilization. The trickster-jester-clown is the final mask of human beings: at one with the divine absurdity of the world, the mortal creator moves toward becoming an immortal force of nature. These are good days to make things; bad days to fear what others might think.



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